Citizen cooperation is key in preventing the spread of mosquito-borne illnesses.
- Drain and eliminate mosquito breeding habitats by clearing away free standing water from empty flower pots, flower saucers, tires, buckets, rain gutters, bird births, rain barrels and fountains.
- Swimming pools must be circulating and properly treated.
- Get rid of temporary pools or fill with dirt.
- Do not over water landscaping.
- Frequently change the water in bird baths.
- Clean gutters in order to prevent water build up.
- In ponds use fish that eat larvae to prevent them from developing into adults. Example: guppies, goldfish, mosquito fish and koi.
- Rather than fogging, place bacterium thuringiensis Isrealensis (BTI) in ponds or any standing water. Example: mosquito dunks
- Also, insecticides like Insect Growth Regulators (IGR) can inhibit the development of larvae and mosquito without harming your pets.
Larvicides are the insecticides utilized to exterminate the larval life stage of an insect. EPA and state approved larvicides assist in stopping the larvae and pupa from reaching adult stage.
Adulticide is a substance that is used to eradicate adult mosquitoes. Most communities use airplanes or trucks to spray adulticides to get rid of adult mosquitoes to control mosquito borne diseases.
Larvicides such as mosquito dunks and handheld adulticides sprays can be purchased at your local home improvements stores.
- Find an Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) approved personal mosquito repellent to protect against mosquito- borne illnesses and bites. Visit: https://www.epa.gov/insect-repellents/find-insect-repellent-right-you#search tool
- The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recommends using products that contains 20% or more DEET.
- While outside, wear long sleeve clothes to prevent mosquito bites.
- Make sure window air conditioners are placed appropriately and will not permit mosquitoes to enter through gaps.
- A low technology method to fight mosquitoes are fans. Mosquitoes are not strong enough to fly around when they are on.